Sleep apnea is a severe sleeping disorder characterised by interruption in a person’s breathing during sleep. A person suffering from an untreated condition of sleep apnea may stop breathing many times during sleep, resulting in oxygen deficiency in brain and other parts of the body.
Types of sleep apnea
Sleep apnea can be distinguished into two parts, as follows: -
Obstructive sleep apnea – OSA is the most common type of sleep apnea and occurs due to the collapse of soft tissues in throat, which obstructs the airway.
Central sleep apnea – caused due to respiratory control centre instability, it occurs when due to failure of brain to incite the muscles to breathe.
Effects of sleep apnea
Sleep apnea can occur in any one irrespective of age or sex. However the risk factors are more in people over the age suffering from overweight or obesity issues. They also occur more in men. The effects of sleep apnea are as follows: -
*Increased chance of stroke
*High blood pressure and diabetes
*Probability for heart attack, heart failure and so on
*Worsening of ADHD
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