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Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder that causes repetitive stop and start of breath while sleeping.

Sleep apnea is mainly of following three types

Obstructive sleep apnea: It is the most common form of sleep apnoea that occurs when throat muscles relax.

Central sleep apnea: It occurs when the brain doesn't send proper signals to the breath controlling muscles.

Complex sleep (Mixed) apnoea syndrome or treatment-emergent central sleep apnoea: It occurs when someone has both obstructive sleep apnoea and central sleep apnoea.
 
Symptoms of Sleep Apnoea:

The OSA & CSA have overlapping symptoms and it makes it very difficult for the physician to determine the actual type of SA. The major symptoms of SA are:

  • Loud snoring
  • Episodes of breathing cessation during sleep witnessed by the sleeping partner
  • Abrupt awakenings
  • Shortness of breath
  • Awakening with a dry mouth or a sore throat
  • Headache especially in the morning
  • Difficulty falling & staying asleep
  • Excessive daytime sleepiness (hypersomnia)
  • Daytime fatigue
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Irritability

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